How do countries achieve peace, stability, and security after a conflict? Why do some governments regain control, while others continue to compete for authority? These questions are relevant for many countries around the world. Since 1970, there have been between 20 and 50 armed conflicts every year — and the vast majority of these are internal (as opposed to war between different countries).
These events are traumatic for citizens and destabilizing for states and the effects of conflict tend to linger long after active conflict subsides. Post-conflict fragility can perpetuate violence in new forms, while diminishing the government’s capacity to provide basic services, damaging the economy, and changing a country’s security forces.
Despite the importance of this topic, research has yet to fully address important questions such as:
CEGA’s Conflict & Security initiative was launched in 2022 with support from the Minerva Research Initiative of the US Department of Defense. The initiative’s first funded research project focuses on post-conflict security, particularly the relationships between states, rebel groups, and citizens across Latin America. In this “anchor” project, researchers will gather data and generate new theory and evidence as part of the most comprehensive effort to date to understand Latin America’s security forces over time.
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