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Projects

Nonlinear Heat Effects on African Maize as Evidenced by Historical Yield Trials

Researchers analyzed data from cropping trials in Africa to show that there are nonlinear effects of global warming on maize yields, and that soil moisture is critical to climate change resiliency.

Researchers
David Lobell, Marianne Banziger, Cosmos Magorokosho et al.
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Development Topics
Agriculture; Climate & Environment
Can Conditional Cash Transfers Serve as Safety Nets to Keep Children at School and Out of the Labor Market?

Researchers evaluated the effect of a randomized roll-out Oportunidades cash transfer program on school enrollment and child labor during temporary shocks.

Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Coordinating Farmers with Cellphones in Pakistan

Researchers investigate the effects of a mobile phone-based information database on the use of artificial insemination and inoculation services for livestock in Pakistan.

Researchers
Eli Berman, Arman Rezaee, Ali Hasanain
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Pakistan (South Asia)
Development Topics
Agriculture; Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)
Incentive Contracts for Horticulture Producers in Senegal

Researchers investigate whether shifting from fixed fee to incentive-based contracts increases farmer returns and subsequent investment in better agricultural technologies.

Researchers
Alain de Janvry, Samba Mbaye, Tanguy Bernard
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Senegal (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture; Finance & Cash Transfers
Financial Inclusion for the Rural Poor in Peru

This study evaluates whether lowering cost of access to savings accounts and providing financial literacy training impacts saving and consumption patterns of cash transfer beneficiaries in rural Peru.

Researchers
Paul Gertler, Ursula Aldana, Alberto Chong et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Peru (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers; Financial Services)
Returns to Secondary Schooling in Ghana

In this ongoing study, researchers are evaluating the effect of secondary school scholarships on enrollment and long-term employment and health outcomes in Ghana.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Esther Duflo, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Ghana (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Employment; Primary & Secondary Education)
Risky Business: The Market for Unprotected Commercial Sex

While condoms are an effective barrier to prevent the transmission of HIV, large numbers of sex workers take the risk of unprotected sex because clients are willing to pay more to not use condoms.

Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, Multivariate Regression
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases)
Air Pollution and Infant Mortality in Mexico Compared to the United States

In Mexico City, unit increases in the concentrations of carbon monoxide and particulate matter, instrumented by thermal inversions, resulted in marginal increases in infant mortality rates.

Researchers
Paulina Oliva, Eva Arceo, Rema Hanna (Harvard et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Climate & Environment (Pollution Control); Health (Maternal & Infant Health)
Evaluating the Socio-economic Impacts of Western Seed Hybrid Maize Program

This evaluation studies whether and how Western Seed Company's innovative hybrid maize program in Kenya has improved smallholder farmers' welfare.

Researchers
Michael Carter, Mary Mathenge, Travis Lybbert
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Agriculture (Inputs); Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)
Poverty and Land Redistribution

Researchers took advantage of a natural experiment created by Land Redistribution for Agricultural Development (LRAD) in South Africa to determine the effects of land transfers.

Researchers
Michael Carter, Malcolm Keswell
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
South Africa (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture; Finance & Cash Transfers (In-Kind Transfers)
The Role of Soft Skills in Pregnancy and Work

This randomized evaluation tests how entrepreneurship training that links family planning to career success can improve job market and fertility outcomes for young women in Uganda.

Researchers
Paul Gertler, Dana Carney
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Uganda (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Reproductive Health & Family Planning); Education & Labor (Youth & Vocational Training)
The Ecological Footprint of Poverty Alleviation: Evidence from Mexico's Oportunidades Program

This study explores the causal effects of an increase in income on deforestation by evaluating the impact of a particularly large and long-lasting cash transfer program in Mexico.

Researchers
Craig McIntosh, Jennifer Alix-Garcia, Katharine R. E. Sims et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation, Non-Experimental Methods, Difference-in-Differences, Multivariate Regression, Regression Discontinuity, Instrumental Variables
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Climate & Environment (Natural Resource Management); Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers)