There is growing interest in enhancing research transparency and reproducibility in economics and other scientific fields. Garret Christensen and Edward Miguel surveyed existing work on these topics within economics, and discuss the evidence suggesting that publication bias, inability to replicate, and specification searching remain widespread in the discipline. They then discuss recent progress in this area, including through improved research design, study registration and pre-analysis plans, disclosure standards, and open sharing of data and materials, drawing on experiences in both economics and other social sciences. This is followed by a discussion of areas where a consensus has been reached, and approaches that still remain controversial, concluding with recommendations on the most effective ways to make economics research more credible in the future.
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