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Projects

Effects of Short Term Measures to Curb Air Pollution in Chile

This study evaluated the impacts, on air quality and health, of short term policies to curb air pollution in Santiago, Chile.

Researchers
Prashant Bharadwaj, Jamie Mullins
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, Difference-in-Differences, Statistical Matching
Locations
Chile (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Climate & Environment (Pollution Control)
Outside Funding and the Dynamics of Participation in Community Associations

Outside funding of women's self-help groups in Kenya does not increase group output or improve functioning, but does change group membership and leadership, weakening the role of the disadvantaged.

Researchers
Mary Kay Gugerty, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Unconditional Cash Transfers and Nutrition in South Africa

The South African Child Support Grant, an unconditional cash transfer program, improved child nutrition outcomes proportional to the extent of enrollment during the first three years of life.

Researchers
Michael Carter, Jorge Aguero
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, - Statistical Matching
Locations
South Africa (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health; Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers)
Building Market Linkages in Uganda

Researchers are evaluating the impact of contract farming services and a mobile technology-enhanced trader alerts system on food markets across Uganda.

Researchers
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Locations
Uganda (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture; Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)
The Effect of Driving Restrictions on Air Quality in Mexico City

This study of pollution levels before and after the implementation of Mexico City's driving restriction program, Hoy No Circula, shows no evidence of air quality improvement.

Researchers
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, - Regression Discontinuity
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health; Climate & Environment (Pollution Control)
Impact Evaluation of a Large-Scale Rural Sanitation Project in Indonesia

Researchers analyzed whether a rural sanitation project could generate greater sanitation demand at scale and increase the supply of sanitation products and services.

Researchers
Manisha Shah, LIsa Cameron, Susan Olivia
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Indonesia (Southeast Asia)
Development Topics
Health
Evaluating the Efficacy of Mobile Phone Messaging in Improving ART Adherence in Kenya

Researchers analyzed whether sending short message service (SMS) reminders through mobile phones can improve ART adherence for HIV-positive patients.

Researchers
Josh Graff Zivin, Cristian Pop-Eleches, Harsha Thirumurthy et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases); Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)
Worker Personalities and Health System Quality in Pakistan

Researchers use personality tests to explore policy options for reducing health care worker absenteeism in Pakistan.

Researchers
Michael Callen, Michael Callen, Saad Gulzar et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Locations
Pakistan (South Asia)
Development Topics
Health; Education & Labor (Employment)
Comparing Food and Cash Assistance for HIV-Positive Men and Women on Antiretroviral Therapy

Researchers analyzed whether providing cash or food support to people living with HIV improved health, nutrition, and other HIV-related outcomes.

Researchers
Sandra McCoy, Prosper Njau (Ministry of Health & Social Welfare, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences)
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Tanzania (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
(Nutrition); Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases); Agriculture
Nonlinear Heat Effects on African Maize as Evidenced by Historical Yield Trials

Researchers analyzed data from cropping trials in Africa to show that there are nonlinear effects of global warming on maize yields, and that soil moisture is critical to climate change resiliency.

Researchers
David Lobell, Marianne Banziger, Cosmos Magorokosho et al.
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Development Topics
Agriculture; Climate & Environment
Can Conditional Cash Transfers Serve as Safety Nets to Keep Children at School and Out of the Labor Market?

Researchers evaluated the effect of a randomized roll-out Oportunidades cash transfer program on school enrollment and child labor during temporary shocks.

Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Coordinating Farmers with Cellphones in Pakistan

Researchers investigate the effects of a mobile phone-based information database on the use of artificial insemination and inoculation services for livestock in Pakistan.

Researchers
Eli Berman, Arman Rezaee, Ali Hasanain
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Pakistan (South Asia)
Development Topics
Agriculture; Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)