This study aims to experimentally investigate the persistence of nation-building policies and inter-ethnic interactions on the formation of ethnic and national identities. Specifically, this study investigates whether there are differences in co-ethnic bias and group cooperation between Tongas who were resettled in Tonga minority areas, compared to those resettled in majority communities.
In particular, researchers will examine the Gwembe Tonga community in Zambia, who were involuntarily resettled to enable the construction of the Kariba dam in 1958. The Tongas were split into Tonga-majority villages in Zambia and some already-occupied villages in Zimbabwe where the Tongas became a minority.
The researcher will recruit 250 resettled Tonga and 250 non-Tonga for a total of 500 participants living in rural areas.
Participants will play:
To elicit their beliefs, the study will distribute a survey around stronger national or ethnic identity (e.g. language knowledge and use, inter-ethnic marriages). Lastly, researchers will conduct qualitative interviews to gain more in-depth insights and to capture other dimensions and drivers of ethnic and national identification.
Copyright 2023. All Rights Reserved
Design & Dev by Wonderland Collective