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Projects

New Financial Inclusion and Credit Contracts in Repeated Borrowing Relationships

This pilot study aims to examine the impact of the access to formal credit in a repeating borrowing relationship on entrepreneurial performance and financial inclusion among women entrepreneurs.

Researchers
Locations
Sierra Leone (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers
New Government to Beneficiary Payments in Nepal: A Pilot Experiment

This pilot study aims to evaluate the implementation of Mobile Grant Payments (MPGs) for earthquake reconstruction funds in Nepal.

Researchers
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Nepal (South Asia)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers; Technology & Infrastructure (Housing)
New Marginal Rates of Substitution, Technology Adoption, and Welfare: Evidence from a Savings Experiment in Kenya

This pilot study aims to test whether a household's demand for money can be used to predict take-up of financial products and the welfare effects of access to these products.

Researchers
Aprajit Mahajan, John Loeser
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers
Child Labor, Household Livelihoods and Artisanal Mining in the Cobalt Supply Chain

This policy report documents insights from a comprehensive survey of 150 mining communities in the Democratic Republic of Congo, with a focus on the prevalence and consequences of child labor.

Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Democratic Republic of Congo (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Child Health); Education & Labor (Employment; Primary & Secondary Education); Climate & Environment (Natural Resource Management); Public Service (Private Sector)
Income for information - Measuring the Value of Time

An information-task platform is proposed to measure the value of time in order to better design the timing and targeting of social programs.

Researchers
Robert On, Saika Belal
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Employment; Gender; Primary & Secondary Education); Measurement; Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)
Measuring usage of cookstoves with sensors in Darfur

Stove Use Monitors (SUMs) are used to accurately measure the adoption of the Berkeley-Darfur Cookstove.

Researchers
Daniel Wilson, Javier Rosa, Angeli Kirk et al.
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Sudan (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health; Measurement; Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology); Climate & Environment (Pollution Control)
Remote Sensing of Illegal Black Sand Mining in the Philippines

Satellite imagery is used to detect areas of suspected illegal mining activity.

Researchers
Estelle Chaussard, Sara Kerosky
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Philippines (Southeast Asia)
Development Topics
Health; Technology & Infrastructure; Climate & Environment; Measurement
Promoting Safe Sex Among Adolescents in Tanzania

This study aims to identify the factors which influence adolescent sexual and reproductive heath behavior in Tanzania.

Researchers
Locations
Tanzania (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases)
Do legs matter: Why take-up of prosthetic legs is low in Rwanda

Why are the extreme poor not adopting the use of prosthetic legs if it costs nothing?

Researchers
Jeremy Magruder, John Loeser (Agriculture and Resource Economics PhD candidate, UC Berkeley) and Principal Investigator
Locations
Rwanda (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health
Alleviating Safety Information Asymmetries for Bangladeshi Garment Workers

This research tests the hypothesis that information asymmetry about safety in the workplace constrains workers’ abilities to make optimal decisions about where to work.

Researchers
Noam Yuchtman, Laura Boudreau (Business and Public Policy PhD candidate, UC Berkeley and Principal Investigator)
Methodologies
- Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Bangladesh (South Asia)
Development Topics
Health; Education & Labor (Employment)
Externalities and Social Influence in Childhood Immunization

This study tests the effect that education about externalities and social influence has on caregivers’ decision to immunize their children in Pakistan.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Paul Gertler, Anne Karing (Economics PhD candidate et al.
Methodologies
- Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Pakistan (South Asia)
Development Topics
Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Reproductive Health & Family Planning)
Influence of Provider Continuity on Patient Health-Related Behavior and Outcomes

This study will estimate causal effects of provider discontinuity on patient health-related behavior and outcomes.

Researchers
Ben Handel, Jennifer Kwok (Economics PhD candidate, UC Berkeley and Principal Investigator)
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
United States of America
Development Topics
Health
The Effects of Conditional Cash Transfers on BMI and Blood Pressure in Adults

Evidence suggests conditional cash transfers may negatively affect adult BMI and blood pressure.

Researchers
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health; Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers)
Bt cotton and pesticide use in Argentina: economic and environmental effects

Bt cotton, a genetically modified crop, reduces the use of highly toxic pesticides and increases farmers’ crop yields in Argentina.

Researchers
Alain de Janvry, Matin Qaim
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, - Multivariate Regression, - Instrumental Variables
Locations
Argentina (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs); Climate & Environment
Local Electoral Incentives and Decentralized Program Performance

A decentralized cash transfer program in Brazil to reduce school drop-out rates achieved greater impact in cities where voters were able to use election incentives to hold the mayor accountable.

Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Brazil (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers; Subsidies); Public Service (Civic Engagement); Education & Labor
Who’s Getting Globalized? The Size and Implications of Intra-national Trade Costs

Developing countries, especially those in Sub-Saharan Africa, face significantly higher intra-national trade costs than the United States, limiting the benefits of globalization.

Researchers
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Ethiopia, Nigeria (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Technology & Infrastructure
The Impact of Minimum Wages on Demand-Driven Development

Contrary to standard economic theory, higher minimum wage requirements led to increased formal sector employment through demand-driven development.

Researchers
Methodologies
- Difference-in-Differences, - Multivariate Regression
Locations
Indonesia (Southeast Asia)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Employment); Public Service (Private Sector)
Selective Trials for Agricultural Technology Adoption

This study aims to determine whether it is possible to identify farmers more likely to experiment with new technology and if it increases adoption rates across farms.

Researchers
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture
Identifying Gazelles among Micro and Small Enterprises in Ghana

This study tests different methods of identifying microenterprises with high growth potential.

Researchers
Marcel Fafchamps, Chris Woodruff
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Locations
Ghana (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Public Service (Private Sector)
The Impact of Exporting: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Egypt

This study evaluates a program that seeks to improve market access by matching Egyptian carpet making SMEs with buyers in western markets.

Researchers
Amit Khandelwal, Adam Osman
Locations
Egypt (Middle East and North Africa)
Development Topics
Public Service (Private Sector)
Social Network Structure and Community-Based Targeting in Indonesia

In this study, researchers develop and test a model that uses a community’s social network characteristics to predict how accurately that community can identify

Researchers
Arun Chandrasekhar, Vivi Alatas, Abhijit Banerjee et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation, - Multivariate Regression
Locations
Indonesia (Southeast Asia)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Public Service (Civic Engagement)
Do Foreign Supermarkets Improve Household Welfare in Developing Countries?

Analysis of micro-data in Mexico during rapid expansion of foreign supermarkets reveals significant increases in household welfare, primarily due to a reduction in household cost of living.

Researchers
Benjamin Faber, Marco Gonzalez-Navarro
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Public Service (Private Sector)
Long-term Diffusion and Impact of Flood-tolerant Rice

This study measures the diffusion of Swarna-Sub1, a flood tolerant rice variety, and its long-term effects on cultivation practices, farmer welfare, and the local economy.

Researchers
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs)
The Effects of Nurse Absenteeism on Health Outcomes for Pregnant Women with HIV

In Kenya, health worker absenteeism negatively affects women’s reproductive and maternal health outcomes.

Researchers
Josh Graff Zivin, Markus Goldstein, James Habyarimana et al.
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Child Health)
Environmental Investments on Private Land: Planting Trees in Chipata

This study in Zambia compares the impact of providing incentives and inputs to encourage farmers to grow nitrogen-fixing trees.

Researchers
Paulina Oliva, Kelsey Jack, Sam Bell et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Zambia (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs); Climate & Environment
Using GPS-Enabled Cell Phones to Monitor Agricultural Extension Agents in Paraguay

Researchers study the impact of cell phones on agricultural extension worker performance.

Researchers
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Locations
Paraguay (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Agriculture; Public Service
The Effects of Marriage Customs on Child Investment

Researchers study the effects of bride and groom prices on parents’ human capital investment in their children by gender.

Researchers
Methodologies
- Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Pakistan (South Asia)
Development Topics
Health (Child Health)
Can Mistargeting Destroy Social Capital and Stimulate Crime? Evidence from a Cash Transfer Program in Indonesia

This study explores how mistargeting of a cash transfer program increased crime rates in Indonesia.

Researchers
Manisha Shah, Lisa Cameron
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Indonesia (Southeast Asia)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers)
Household Electricity Connections in Kenya

Subsidies of varying amounts were distributed to determine at what price the majority of Kenyans will connect to the national grid, and to explore the social and economic impacts of electrification.

Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Climate & Environment (Energy)
Courting Safe Behaviors: Testing Courtyard-based Safe Water and Hygiene Interventions in Urban Bangladesh

Researchers test behavioral strategies to encourage communities in Bangladesh to treat drinking water with a chlorine dispenser and to wash hands with soap.

Researchers
David I. Levine, Stephen Luby, Raymond Guiteras
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Bangladesh (South Asia)
Development Topics
Health (WASH)
Impact of Mobile Phones on Learning Outcomes in Niger

Researchers investigated the impact of mobile phone use on learning outcomes by students in adult education programs in randomly selected villages in Niger.

Researchers
Travis Lybbert, Jenny C Aker, Christopher Ksoll
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Niger (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Education & Labor; Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)
Evaluating the African Health Market for Equity (AHME) Initiative in Kenya

Researchers evaluate the impact of a multi-pronged private healthcare initiative on healthcare utilization, quality of care, clinic financial outcomes, and child health outcomes in Kenya.

Researchers
Paul Gertler, Dominic Montagu
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health; Public Service
Microenterprise Growth and the Flypaper Effect

This study compares the effects of cash grants to those of in-kind donations on microenterprise profits.

Researchers
Marcel Fafchamps, David McKenzie, Simon Quinn et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Locations
Ghana (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services; In-Kind Transfers)
Text Message Loan Repayment Reminders for Micro-Borrowers in the Philippines

Researchers test the use of SMS reminders on microfinance repayment in the Philippines.

Researchers
Melanie Morten, Dean Karlan; Jonathan Zinman
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Philippines (Southeast Asia)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services)
Exposure to Violence and Risk Preferences in Afghanistan

This study shows exposure to violence increases risk aversion Afghanistan.

Researchers
Michael Callen, James D. Long, Michael Callen et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Afghanistan (South Asia)
Development Topics
Public Service (Conflict)
Impact of Household UV Drinking Water Treatment System in Mexico

In Mexico, researchers tested the impact of a novel UV household water treatment system on water quality and diarrhea prevalence.

Researchers
Jack Colford, Joshua S. Gruber, Fermin Reygadas et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (WASH); Technology & Infrastructure (Water & Sanitation)
Social Networks and the Decision to Insure

The diffusion of knowledge through farmers’ social networks increased the uptake of weather insurance products in China.

Researchers
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
China (East Asia and the Pacific)
Development Topics
Agriculture
Impact of Provider Performance Incentives on HIV/AIDS Services

This study tests the impact of performance incentives for health service providers on quality of care and health outcomes of HIV/AIDS patients in Rwanda.

Researchers
Paul Gertler, Jeanine Condo
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Rwanda (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Infectious & Communicable Diseases); Global Networks
Incentives and Savings Habits Among Ethiopian Micro-entrepreneurs

This study evaluates the relative impact of financial incentives, interacted with learning about one’s ability to plan, on encouraging savings habits among micro-entrepreneurs in Addis Ababa.

Researchers
Jonathan Robinson, Alebel Bayrau Weldesilassie, Brian Giera
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Locations
Ethiopia (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Global Networks
Indirectly Measuring Political Attitudes in Pakistan

Researchers develop and evaluate a novel method of measuring preferences through a randomized experiment in Pakistan designed to understand the expression of anti-American attitudes.

Researchers
Noam Yuchtman, Michael Callen, Michael Callen et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Pakistan (South Asia)
Development Topics
Public Service (Conflict)
Unlocking the door to migration: BRAC's migrant loan program

This study examines the impact of migrant-oriented loans and information opportunities on migration outcomes in Bangladesh.

Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Bangladesh (South Asia)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Education & Labor (Employment); Global Networks
Impact Evaluation of BRAC's Targeting the Ultra-Poor Program in South Sudan

This study explores the potential and necessary costs of initiating a successful targeting the ultra-poor asset transfer program in the South Sudan.

Researchers
Ethan Ligon, Elliot Collins, Reajul Chowdhury
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers; In-Kind Transfers); Global Networks
Adoption of Insecticide Treated Bednets Among Poor Households in Orissa, India

Providing microloans to purchase bednets increased bednet ownership and use, though not as much as providing nets for free.

Researchers
Aprajit Mahajan, Brian Blackburn, Joanne Yoong et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Development Topics
Health; Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services)
Does Information Lead to More Active Citizenship?

Researchers find no impact of the Uwezo educational program on citizen action, and define a framework of factors that influence active citizenship.

Researchers
Dan Posner, Evan Lieberman, Lily Tsai
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, - Statistical Matching
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education); Public Service (Civic Engagement)
Impact of Management Consulting on Firm Productivity in India

Adopting management practices based on free consulting advice significantly raised productivity in Indian textile firms within a year through improved quality and efficiency.

Researchers
Aprajit Mahajan, Nicholas Bloom, Ben Eifert et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Development Topics
Public Service (Private Sector)
Institutional Corruption and Electoral Fraud: Evidence from Afghanistan

This study explores the effects of photo monitoring and political networks on vote tally fraud in Afghanistan.

Researchers
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Development Topics
Public Service (Corruption)
The Impact of Community Monitors on Savings

This randomized study examines how monitors and their relation to local social networks can improve household savings.

Researchers
Arun Chandrasekhar, Emily Breza
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Subsidies)
A Randomized Controlled Trial for Smoking Cessation in Thailand

Researchers tested the effects of a smoking cessation program that combined a voluntary commitment contract and social pressure.

Researchers
William Dow, Justin S White, Suthat Rungruanghiranya
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Development Topics
Health; Finance & Cash Transfers
Community-Driven Development in Sierra Leone

Researchers evaluated a community development program in Sierra Leone using a pre-analysis plan to increase transparency.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Katherine Casey, Rachel Glennerster
Locations
Sierra Leone (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Public Service (Corruption; Civic Engagement); Transparency
Effects of a Conditional Cash Transfer Program on Children's Behavior Problems

Household participation in Mexico's conditional cash transfer (CCT) program, Oportunidades, drove a ten percent decrease in the aggressive and oppositional behavior of poor children.

Researchers
Lia Fernald, Paul Gertler, Emily J. Ozer (School of Public Health et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Education & Labor (Early Childhood Development)
The Impacts of Drought Tolerance on Local Labor Markets in India

This project evaluates whether a drought tolerant rice variety – IR64 – affects local labor markets for the landless in India.

Researchers
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs)
Source Dispensers and Home Delivery of Chlorine in Kenya

Researchers study the impact of factors including price, persuasion, promotion, and the chlorination products themselves on chlorinated water usage in rural Kenya.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Sendhil Mullainathan, Michael Kremer et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Development Topics
Health (WASH)
Impact of Computers on the Achievement of Low-income Children

Researchers employ randomized evaluation methods to assess the impact of home computer use on students' academic achievement.

Researchers
Jonathan Robinson, Robert Fairlie
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
United States of America
Development Topics
Education & Labor; Technology & Infrastructure
Mobile-izing Savings: Defined-Contribution Savings on a Mobile Money Platform

Researchers are partnering with a mobile money provider to see if offering employees the opportunity to automatically contribute a portion of their paycheck increases their long-term savings.

Researchers
Michael Callen, Joshua Blumenstock, Michael Callen et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)
Comparing Free Provision of Deworming Drugs and Other Approaches in Kenya

Researchers evaluate the uptake of deworming treatments by children in Kenya by varying the cost of treatment.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health
HIV/AIDS Prevention Through Relative Risk Information for Teen Girls in Kenya

This study explores how to reduce the incidence of HIV through the distribution of relative risk information, through videos and group discussion, to teenage girls.

Researchers
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Infectious & Communicable Diseases)
Maize storage, credit, and price arbitrage in Kenya

Researchers study the impact of grain storage on seasonal price variation of maize and farmer welfare in Kenya.

Researchers
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers; Agriculture
Job Networks and Gender in Malawi

Researchers examined how informal job referral systems affect labor market participation for women and found that informal referral schemes systematically disadvantaged qualified women.

Researchers
Jeremy Magruder, Lori Beaman, Niall Keleher
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Malawi (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Coordinating Seed Exchange to Overcome Network Failures

Researchers test whether coordinated seed exchanges increase uptake of stress-tolerant seeds in India relative to diffusion through farmers' social networks.

Researchers
Alain de Janvry, Elisabeth Sadoulet, Kyle Emerick et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Agriculture
Ethnic Quotas and Political Mobilization: Caste, Parties and Distribution in Indian Village Councils

Quotas for government address inequality by guaranteeing representation for marginalized groups but other incentives can mitigate their redistributive impact, limiting their effectiveness.

Researchers
Thad Dunning, Janhavi Nilekani, Harvard University
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, Regression Discontinuity
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Public Service
Impact of Polling Station Observers on Electoral Fraud in Ghana

This study focuses on the effects of observers on incidence of polling station fraud in the 2012 Ghanaian presidential election.

Researchers
Miriam Golden, Joseph Asunka, Sarah Brierley et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Ghana (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Public Service
Do Reforms Affect the Quality of Services?

This study examines the impact of the automated delivery of public services on service quality and corruption in local government.

Researchers
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation, Non-Experimental Methods, Multivariate Regression
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Public Service (Corruption)
Election Fairness and Government Legitimacy in Afghanistan

This study examines the effects of an anti-fraud intervention during the 2010 elections in Afghanistan on both the occurrence of fraud and the perception of legitimacy.

Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Afghanistan (South Asia)
Development Topics
Public Service
Effects of Short Term Measures to Curb Air Pollution in Chile

This study evaluated the impacts, on air quality and health, of short term policies to curb air pollution in Santiago, Chile.

Researchers
Prashant Bharadwaj, Jamie Mullins
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, Difference-in-Differences, Statistical Matching
Locations
Chile (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Climate & Environment (Pollution Control)
Outside Funding and the Dynamics of Participation in Community Associations

Outside funding of women's self-help groups in Kenya does not increase group output or improve functioning, but does change group membership and leadership, weakening the role of the disadvantaged.

Researchers
Mary Kay Gugerty, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Unconditional Cash Transfers and Nutrition in South Africa

The South African Child Support Grant, an unconditional cash transfer program, improved child nutrition outcomes proportional to the extent of enrollment during the first three years of life.

Researchers
Michael Carter, Jorge Aguero
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, - Statistical Matching
Locations
South Africa (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health; Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers)
Building Market Linkages in Uganda

Researchers are evaluating the impact of contract farming services and a mobile technology-enhanced trader alerts system on food markets across Uganda.

Researchers
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Locations
Uganda (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture; Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)
The Effect of Driving Restrictions on Air Quality in Mexico City

This study of pollution levels before and after the implementation of Mexico City's driving restriction program, Hoy No Circula, shows no evidence of air quality improvement.

Researchers
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, - Regression Discontinuity
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health; Climate & Environment (Pollution Control)
Impact Evaluation of a Large-Scale Rural Sanitation Project in Indonesia

Researchers analyzed whether a rural sanitation project could generate greater sanitation demand at scale and increase the supply of sanitation products and services.

Researchers
Manisha Shah, LIsa Cameron, Susan Olivia
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Indonesia (Southeast Asia)
Development Topics
Health
Evaluating the Efficacy of Mobile Phone Messaging in Improving ART Adherence in Kenya

Researchers analyzed whether sending short message service (SMS) reminders through mobile phones can improve ART adherence for HIV-positive patients.

Researchers
Josh Graff Zivin, Cristian Pop-Eleches, Harsha Thirumurthy et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases); Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)
Worker Personalities and Health System Quality in Pakistan

Researchers use personality tests to explore policy options for reducing health care worker absenteeism in Pakistan.

Researchers
Michael Callen, Michael Callen, Saad Gulzar et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Locations
Pakistan (South Asia)
Development Topics
Health; Education & Labor (Employment)
Comparing Food and Cash Assistance for HIV-Positive Men and Women on Antiretroviral Therapy

Researchers analyzed whether providing cash or food support to people living with HIV improved health, nutrition, and other HIV-related outcomes.

Researchers
Sandra McCoy, Prosper Njau (Ministry of Health & Social Welfare, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences)
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Tanzania (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
(Nutrition); Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases); Agriculture
Nonlinear Heat Effects on African Maize as Evidenced by Historical Yield Trials

Researchers analyzed data from cropping trials in Africa to show that there are nonlinear effects of global warming on maize yields, and that soil moisture is critical to climate change resiliency.

Researchers
David Lobell, Marianne Banziger, Cosmos Magorokosho et al.
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Development Topics
Agriculture; Climate & Environment
Can Conditional Cash Transfers Serve as Safety Nets to Keep Children at School and Out of the Labor Market?

Researchers evaluated the effect of a randomized roll-out Oportunidades cash transfer program on school enrollment and child labor during temporary shocks.

Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Coordinating Farmers with Cellphones in Pakistan

Researchers investigate the effects of a mobile phone-based information database on the use of artificial insemination and inoculation services for livestock in Pakistan.

Researchers
Eli Berman, Arman Rezaee, Ali Hasanain
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Pakistan (South Asia)
Development Topics
Agriculture; Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)
Incentive Contracts for Horticulture Producers in Senegal

Researchers investigate whether shifting from fixed fee to incentive-based contracts increases farmer returns and subsequent investment in better agricultural technologies.

Researchers
Alain de Janvry, Samba Mbaye, Tanguy Bernard
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Senegal (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture; Finance & Cash Transfers
Financial Inclusion for the Rural Poor in Peru

This study evaluates whether lowering cost of access to savings accounts and providing financial literacy training impacts saving and consumption patterns of cash transfer beneficiaries in rural Peru.

Researchers
Paul Gertler, Ursula Aldana, Alberto Chong et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Peru (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers; Financial Services)
Returns to Secondary Schooling in Ghana

In this ongoing study, researchers are evaluating the effect of secondary school scholarships on enrollment and long-term employment and health outcomes in Ghana.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Esther Duflo, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Ghana (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Employment; Primary & Secondary Education)
Risky Business: The Market for Unprotected Commercial Sex

While condoms are an effective barrier to prevent the transmission of HIV, large numbers of sex workers take the risk of unprotected sex because clients are willing to pay more to not use condoms.

Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, Multivariate Regression
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases)
Air Pollution and Infant Mortality in Mexico Compared to the United States

In Mexico City, unit increases in the concentrations of carbon monoxide and particulate matter, instrumented by thermal inversions, resulted in marginal increases in infant mortality rates.

Researchers
Paulina Oliva, Eva Arceo, Rema Hanna (Harvard et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Climate & Environment (Pollution Control); Health (Maternal & Infant Health)
Evaluating the Socio-economic Impacts of Western Seed Hybrid Maize Program

This evaluation studies whether and how Western Seed Company's innovative hybrid maize program in Kenya has improved smallholder farmers' welfare.

Researchers
Michael Carter, Mary Mathenge, Travis Lybbert
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Agriculture (Inputs); Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)
Poverty and Land Redistribution

Researchers took advantage of a natural experiment created by Land Redistribution for Agricultural Development (LRAD) in South Africa to determine the effects of land transfers.

Researchers
Michael Carter, Malcolm Keswell
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
South Africa (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture; Finance & Cash Transfers (In-Kind Transfers)
The Role of Soft Skills in Pregnancy and Work

This randomized evaluation tests how entrepreneurship training that links family planning to career success can improve job market and fertility outcomes for young women in Uganda.

Researchers
Paul Gertler, Dana Carney
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Uganda (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Reproductive Health & Family Planning); Education & Labor (Youth & Vocational Training)
The Ecological Footprint of Poverty Alleviation: Evidence from Mexico's Oportunidades Program

This study explores the causal effects of an increase in income on deforestation by evaluating the impact of a particularly large and long-lasting cash transfer program in Mexico.

Researchers
Craig McIntosh, Jennifer Alix-Garcia, Katharine R. E. Sims et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation, Non-Experimental Methods, Difference-in-Differences, Multivariate Regression, Regression Discontinuity, Instrumental Variables
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Climate & Environment (Natural Resource Management); Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers)
Corruption Dynamics: The Golden Goose Effect

This study explores the impact of a golden goose effect on theft in the context of a statutory wage increase in India's employment guarantee program.

Researchers
Paul Niehaus, Sandip Sukhtankar
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, - Difference-in-Differences, - Multivariate Regression
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Employment); Public Service (Corruption)
Productivity, Credit, Risk, and the Demand for Weather Index Insurance in Smallholder Agriculture in Ethiopia

Researchers examined whether and how linking Weather Index Insurance to credit affected the use of fertilizer.

Researchers
Craig McIntosh, Alexander Sarris, Ahmed Shukri et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Ethiopia (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture; Climate & Environment; Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services)
Innovative Finance for Agriculture Technology Adoption

Researchers are examining the effect of different credit and savings products on the adoption of fertilizer and hybrid seeds, farm productivity, and farmer spending on health, education, and food.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Marshall Burke
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Agriculture
Young Adult Obesity and Household Income: Effects of Unconditional Cash Transfers

This study uses a quasi-experimental design to show that the effects of household cash transfers during childhood on young adult BMI differ depending on the household’s initial socioeconomic status.

Researchers
Randall Akee, Emilia Simeonova, William Copeland et al.
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, Difference-in-Differences, Multivariate Regression
Locations
United States of America
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Health (Child Health)
Drought of Opportunities: Contemporaneous and Long Term Impacts of Rainfall Shocks on Human Capital

This study merged rainfall data with school testing outcomes to explore the impact of droughts on educational outcomes among children in various life stages.

Researchers
Manisha Shah, Bryce Millett Steinberg
Methodologies
Multivariate Regression
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
(Nutrition); Health (Maternal & Infant Health); Education & Labor (Early Childhood Development); Climate & Environment
Early Life Health Interventions and Academic Achievement

Parallel evaluations in Chile and Norway revealed that increased medical care provided to newborns with low birth weights reduced infant mortality and boosted academic achievement.

Researchers
Prashant Bharadwaj, Christopher Neilson, Katrine Vellesen Loken
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, Regression Discontinuity
Locations
Chile (Latin America and the Caribbean); Norway
Development Topics
Health (Child Health); Education & Labor (Early Childhood Development; Primary & Secondary Education)
Empowering Young Women in Malawi: A Mixed Methods Approach

This project evaluates the long-term impacts of cash transfers (both conditional and unconditional) on young women’s self-esteem and aspirations.

Researchers
Craig McIntosh, Sarah Baird, Ephraim Chirwa et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Malawi (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Reproductive Health & Family Planning); Education & Labor (Gender; Primary & Secondary Education)
Biomarker Validation of Self-Reported Sexual Behavior among Women in Zimbabwe

Results from biomarker testing of women's recent sexual activity contrasted sharply with self-reported behavior, independent of whether the interview was face-to-face or computer-assisted.

Researchers
Nancy Padian, Alexandria M. Minnis, Markus J. Steiner (FHI 360) et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Zimbabwe (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning)
Stimulating Demand for Long Acting Reversible Contraception in Zimbabwe

Researchers evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based intervention to increase women's uptake of Long Acting Reversible Contraception.

Researchers
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Zimbabwe (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning)
Cash Transfers and Domestic Violence in Ecuador

Researchers exploit the randomized roll out of an unconditional cash transfer program to understand the relationship between income and domestic violence.

Researchers
Lia Fernald, Melissa Hidrobo
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Ecuador (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers)
Poverty Alleviation and Maternal Depression in Mexico

Oportunidades, a large-scale conditional cash transfer (CCT) program aimed at poverty alleviation and child health in Mexico, resulted in a clinically meaningful reduction in maternal depression.

Researchers
Lia Fernald, Emily Ozer, Ann Weber et al.
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, Statistical Matching
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Mental Health; Reproductive Health & Family Planning)
Enhancing Food Production and Food Security through Improved Inputs: An Evaluation of Tanzania's National Agricultural Input Voucher Scheme with a Focus on Gender Impacts

This study examines the effects of vouchers for agricultural inputs on household income, agriculture production and food security.

Researchers
Nancy Padian, Sandra McCoy, Madhur Gautam et al.
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, - Difference-in-Differences
Locations
Tanzania (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs)
Slum Housing Upgrading in El Salvador, Mexico & Uruguay

Building a Brighter Future: Slum-Housing Upgrading for Informal Settlements

Researchers
Paul Gertler, Ryan Cooper, Sebastian Galiani et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Uruguay, Mexico, El Salvador (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (Mental Health); Technology & Infrastructure (Housing)
Demand for Nontraditional Cookstoves in Bangladesh

This study examines the impact of intra-household preferences for nontraditional cookstoves, information dissemination and price effects of nontraditional cookstove technology in rural Bangladesh.

Researchers
Grant Miller, Robert Bailis, Puneet Dwivedi et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Bangladesh (South Asia)
Development Topics
Climate & Environment (Energy; Pollution Control); Health
Expanding Access to Formal Savings Accounts in Chile, Malawi, the Philippines, and Uganda

Four separate parallel studies conducted simultaneously in Chile, Malawi, the Phillippines, and Uganda to better understand the impact of expanding access to formal savings accounts.

Researchers
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Chile (Latin America and the Caribbean); Malawi, Uganda (Sub-Saharan Africa); Philippines (Southeast Asia)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services)
Impact of Voter Knowledge Initiatives in Sierra Leone

Ongoing randomized evaluation of the impact of various voter knowledge initiatives on electoral outcomes during the 2012 Sierra Leone Elections.

Researchers
Katherine Casey, Kelly Bidwell, Rachel Glennerster
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Sierra Leone (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Public Service (Corruption; Civic Engagement)
Investing in Cash Transfers to Raise Long-Term Living Standards in Mexico

This study evaluates the ability of the Oportunidades CCT program to enable increased productive investments and long-run poverty impacts in Mexico.

Researchers
Paul Gertler, Sebastián Martínez, Marta Rubio-Codina
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Health; Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Risk Information and Adolescent Sexual Behavior in Cameroon

Evaluation of a school-based HIV/AIDS education program on fertility, reproductive health, and high-risk sexual behavior for 8th grade girls in Cameroon.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Esther Duflo, Elise Huillery et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Locations
Cameroon (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases; Child Health); Education & Labor
Savings Accounts for Village Micro-Entrepreneurs in Kenya

Randomized evaluation of the importance of savings constraints for self-employed individuals in rural Kenya.

Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Education & Labor (Employment)
The Impact of PROGRESA on Health in Mexico

This study evaluates the impact of the PROGRESA conditional cash transfer (CCT) program on the health of young children and their families in Mexico.

Researchers
Paul Gertler, Simone Peart Boyce
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Health; Education & Labor
Challenges in Banking the Poor in Rural Kenya

This study considered knowledge of local credit opportunities and the offering vouchers for free savings account to better understand the demand for formal financial services in western Kenya.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Jonathan Robinson, Sarah Green et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services)
Improving Governance Through Biometric Authentication and Secure Payments

Corruption and welfare outcomes from a randomized evaluation of a pilot initiative providing "Smartcards" to distribute government benefits to the poor in the Indian state of Andrha Pradesh.

Researchers
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Public Service (Corruption); Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)
Health Education for Microcredit Clients in Peru

A study evaluating the impact of health education trainings on health outcomes among clients of the Peruvian PRISMA microfinance institution.

Researchers
Lia Fernald, Rita Hamad, Dean Karlan
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Locations
Peru (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Child Health); Education & Labor
Impact of Management Consulting on Firm Productivity in India

A randomized evaluation of the performance impact of free management consulting for Indian textile plants.

Researchers
Aprajit Mahajan, Nicholas Bloom, Benn Eifert et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Public Service (Private Sector); Education & Labor (Employment)
The Role of Financial Incentives in Recruiting Public Sector Employees

This study analyzes the applicant pool of the Mexican Regional Development Program to evaluate the impact of financial incentives in attracting qualified applicants to the public sector.

Researchers
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Public Service; Education & Labor (Employment)
Empowering Parents to Improve Education Quality in Rural Mexico

This study evaluates the impact of the Mexican government's National Council of Education Development on student learning in rural Mexico by facilitating parent involvement in their child's education.

Researchers
Paul Gertler, Harry Anthony Patrinos, Eduardo Rodríguez-Oreggia
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Cash for Coolers: Evaluating the Impact of an Appliance Replacement Program in Mexico

A program replacing appliances with energy-efficient models showed lowered energy consumption from refrigeration but increased energy usage by air conditioners, and was found to be cost-inefficient.

Researchers
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, Difference-in-Differences
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Climate & Environment (Energy); Finance & Cash Transfers
Using Smartphones to Reduce Electoral Fraud in Afghanistan and Uganda

Smartphone photographs of electoral results at local polling stations resulted in significant decreases in electoral fraud in both Afghanistan and Uganda.

Researchers
Clark Gibson, Danielle Jung, James D. Long
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Afghanistan (South Asia); Uganda (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology); Public Service (Corruption)
Development Aid and Social Cohesion after Civil War in Liberia

Villages that participated in a community-driven reconstruction program had higher subsequent levels of social cohesion, as demonstrated by a community-wide public goods game in post-conflict Liberia.

Researchers
Jeremy Weinstein, James Fearon, Macartan Humphreys
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Liberia (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Public Service (Conflict; Civic Engagement)
Evaluating the Impact of Flood-Resistant Rice on Fertilizer Use and Crop Yield in India

This study evaluates the impact of adoption flood-resistant rice on crop yield and use of more productive inputs due to risk reduction.

Researchers
Alain de Janvry, Elisabeth Sadoulet, Kyle Emerick et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs); Climate & Environment
Influences on Investments in Preventative Health Products in Kenya

While providing liquidity and targeting women can increase demand for preventative health products, price has the greatest impact on people's decision to purchase.

Researchers
Jonathan Robinson, Jennifer Meredith, Sarah Walker et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers; Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Child Health)
The Demand for Conditional versus Unconditional Cash Transfers for School Attendance in the Brazilian Favelas

A study on demand for conditionality in a Brazilian cash transfer program revealed that parents are willing to pay for conditionality to monitor their children's school attendance.

Researchers
Lucas C. Coffman
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Brazil (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Conditional Cash Transfers and Early Childhood Development in Mexico

Cash transfers administered under the Oportunidades program in Mexico were associated with significant improvements in nutritional outcomes and motor and cognitive development for young children.

Researchers
Lia Fernald, Paul Gertler, Lynette Neufeld (Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (Child Health); Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Education & Labor (Early Childhood Development)
Teacher Performance Pay in Andhra Pradesh, India

A randomized evaluation of performance-based pay for teachers in rural primary schools in Andhra Pradesh, India showed significantly improved learning outcomes for students in the incentive schools.

Researchers
Karthik Muralidharan, Venkatesh Sundararaman
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Preventing HIV and Teen Pregnancy in Kenya Through Teacher Training and Subsidies

Providing free uniforms to girls and training teachers in Kenya on how to implement HIV/AIDS curriculum reduced drop-out rates and teenage pregnancy.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Esther Duflo (M.I.T), Michael Kremer et al.
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Subsidies; In-Kind Transfers); Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases; Child Health); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Antiretroviral Treatment and Household Tasks in Kenya

ARV treatment in Kenya reduced adult female patients' time spent seeking treatment and increased their time available for household tasks.It also reduced the burden of household tasks on children.

Researchers
Josh Graff Zivin, Giovanna d'Adda, Markus Goldstein et al.
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Infectious & Communicable Diseases)
Impact of Drought-Tolerant Rice on Farmer Welfare in India

This study's primary research question is to understand the yield and livelihood effects of adopting risk-reducing rice in drought-prone Orissa and West Bengal.

Researchers
Elisabeth Sadoulet, Marieke Kleemans
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs); Climate & Environment
The Sustainability and Impact of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Interventions in India

A hygiene education and water and sanitation supply program in Tamil Nadu, India expanded infrastructure but did not result in commensurate behavioral change or improvements in child health outcomes.

Researchers
Jack Colford, Ben Arnold, Ranjiv Khush et al.
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, Statistical Matching
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Health (WASH; Child Health); Technology & Infrastructure (Water & Sanitation)
Informing Families about the Effect of Education Attainment on Wages in the Dominican Republic

Informing families of the effect of education attainment on wages increased perceived returns to schooling and years of schooling attended, but did not increase schooling among the poorest families.

Methodologies
Experimental Methods, Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Dominican Republic (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Job Opportunities, Marriage, and Childbearing in India

Increased job opportunities for women in rural India caused households to invest more in women's education, increased rates of female employment, and significant delays in marriage and childbearing.

Researchers
Robert Jensen
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning); Education & Labor (Employment)
Schooling's Impact on Teen Smoking and Drinking Behavior in the Dominican Republic

Youth who stayed in school longer had less disposable income than youth who dropped out, were less likely to smoke, and also delayed the age they first consumed alcohol.

Researchers
Robert Jensen, Adriana Lleras-Muney
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Dominican Republic (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (Child Health); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Household Water Treatment and Handwashing in Guatemala

This study in rural Guatemala found minimal sustained water treatment and positive handwashing behavior and no significant difference in child health between intervention and comparison villages.

Researchers
Jack Colford, Benjamin Arnold, Byron Arana et al.
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, Statistical Matching
Locations
Guatemala (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (Maternal & Infant Health; WASH; Child Health)
Adult Antiretroviral Treatment and Children's Welfare in Kenya

Antiretroviral treatment for patients with AIDS positively affected schooling and nutrition outcomes for children living in the household, and reduced their labor market participation.

Researchers
Josh Graff Zivin, Harsha Thirumurthy, Markus Goldstein
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, - Instrumental Variables
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Infectious & Communicable Diseases); Education & Labor
Low-Power Cell Towers in Indonesia

This project evaluates the efficacy of Village Base Transceiver Stations (VBTS), cellular towers designed to lower operational costs, enabling cellular systems to reach low-density rural areas.

Researchers
Locations
Indonesia (Southeast Asia)
Development Topics
Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)
Rural Solar Microgrids in India

In this study, researchers implement a randomized evaluation of an AC solar microgrid scaled for rural communities in India.

Methodologies
- Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology); Climate & Environment (Energy)
The Economic Impact of Antiretroviral Treatment on Labor Supply in Kenya

This project evaluates the effect of antiretroviral treatment on the labor supply of people living with HIV and of other members in their household.

Researchers
Josh Graff Zivin, Harsha Thirumurthy, Markus Goldstein
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Infectious & Communicable Diseases); Education & Labor (Employment)
Conditional Cash Transfers for the Prevention of HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections in Tanzania

A cash transfer program conditional on testing for sexually transmitted diseases reduced prevalence of infections, suggeting the potential use of cash transfers to alter sexual behavior.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, William Dow, Damien de Walque et al.
Methodologies
- Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Tanzania (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases); Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers)
Insurgency and Unemployment in Afghanistan, Iraq, and the Philippines

In Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Philippines, increases in employment were associated with increased violence, suggesting short-term job creation policies may not effectively reduce insurgent activity.

Researchers
Eli Berman, Joseph H. Felter, and Jacob N. Shapiro
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Philippines (Southeast Asia); Iraq (Middle East and North Africa); Afghanistan (South Asia)
Development Topics
Public Service (Conflict); Education & Labor (Employment)
Sex-Selective Investments in Prenatal Care in India, China, and Bangladesh

This study found that in India, China, and Bangladesh, women were more likely to obtain additional prenatal care when pregnant with a boy. Women unaware of the child's sex did not acquire extra care.

Researchers
Prashant Bharadwaj, Leah Nelson
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
India, Bangladesh (South Asia); China (East Asia and the Pacific)
Development Topics
Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Reproductive Health & Family Planning); Education & Labor (Early Childhood Development)
Solar Drinking Water Disinfection (SODIS) and Childhood Diarrhea in Bolivia

This study found no reduction in the incidence of child diarrhea as a result of solar water disinfection, likely due to low compliance and the presence of additional pathways for pathogen transmission

Researchers
Jack Colford, Daniel Mäusezahl, Andri Christen et al.
Methodologies
- Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Bolivia (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (WASH; Child Health); Technology & Infrastructure (Water & Sanitation)
Subsidies for Malaria Testing and Treatment in Kenya: Balancing Health Benefits and Risks

Subsidies for anti-malarial drugs increased access to treatment for low-income and sick children but led to over-treatment among adults. Proper calibration of the subsidy level improved targeting.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Jessica Cohen, Simone Schaner
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Subsidies); Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Infectious & Communicable Diseases)
African Leadership Academy: Impacts on Young Leaders and Their Communities

To evaluate the impact of the African Leadership Academy, this project compares educational attainment, labor market outcomes, and attitudes of admitted students with admissions finalists.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Jamie McCasland, Manuel Barron
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
South Africa (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Employment; Youth & Vocational Training)
Alternative Secondary Education in Honduras

Researchers are evaluating a low-cost, peer-led vocational training program for rural youth in Central America.

Researchers
Erin Murphy-Graham, Patrick McEwan
Locations
Honduras (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Conditional Cash Transfers for Education in Morocco

Researchers are evaluating whether conditional or unconditional cash transfers are more effective in increasing primary level student attendance and reducing drop-out rates.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Esther Duflo, Florencia Devoto
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Morocco (Middle East and North Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Constraints to Saving for Health Expenditures in Kenya

Innovative savings devices for members of ROSCAs in Kenya led to increased investment in preventative health products and reduced vulnerability to unexpected emergencies.

Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Health
Contract Teachers and Student Tracking: Impacts on Student Performance in India

In India, an extra contract teacher led to improved test scores for children, smaller class sizes, and reduced teacher absenteeism, all suggesting positive performance incentives for contract teachers

Researchers
Karthik Muralidharan, Venkatesh Sundararaman
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Economic Independence and HIV Prevention among Adolescent Girls in Zimbabwe

Researchers are evaluating a program that seeks to increase the economic independence of and prevent HIV among female adolescent orphans in Zimbabwe.

Researchers
Nancy Padian, Megan Dunbar
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Zimbabwe (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases; Child Health); Education & Labor (Gender; Youth & Vocational Training)
Economic Returns to Vocational Education in Kenya

Researchers are evaluating the labor market and life outcomes of Kenyan youth who received vouchers to offsets the cost of vocational training.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer, Isaac Mbiti et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Subsidies); Health; Education & Labor (Youth & Vocational Training)
Factors Influencing Household Investment in Malaria Prevention in Kenya

Demand for insecticide-treated bed nets was highly price sensitive in Kenya. Neither marketing the nets as a health or financial investment nor securing verbal purchase commitments impacted demand.

Researchers
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Subsidies); Health (Infectious & Communicable Diseases; Child Health)
Free Distribution Versus Cost Sharing for Malaria Prevention in Kenya

This study found that cost-sharing dampens demand for anti-malarial insecticide-treated bed nets and does not increase usage of the nets or improves allocation to the neediest.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Jessica Cohen
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers; Health (Infectious & Communicable Diseases); Technology & Infrastructure
Girls' Merit Scholarships and Student Performance in Kenya

An evaluation of a merit-based scholarship and public recognition program for Kenyan girls found evidence of increased test scores, student and teacher attendance, and parental involvement.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer, Rebecca Thornton
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Public Service (Civic Engagement); Education & Labor (Gender; Primary & Secondary Education)
HIV Prevention Among Youth in Kenya

Researchers are evaluating the effect of Voluntary Counseling and Testing for HIV (VCT), and condom distribution on sexual behavior and HIV transmission.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Esther Duflo, Vandana Sharma
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases; Child Health)
Household Water Connections: Well-Being and Willingness to Pay in Morocco

In Tangier, Morocco, households demonstrated a high willingness to pay for private water taps. These households reported increased water consumption, less time gathering water, and improved happiness.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Florencia Devoto, Esther Duflo et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Morocco (Middle East and North Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers; Health (WASH); Technology & Infrastructure (Water & Sanitation)
Improving Access to Credit and Savings Products in Guatemala

Researchers are evaluating the impact of a credit bureau on the selection and behavior of microfinance clientele, and the impact of providing savings products to microfinance clients.

Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Guatemala (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services)
Insufficient Change and Lost Sales among Small Businesses in Kenya

Administering surveys to and providing information for small Kenyan business about their small bill and coin management resulted in fewer lost sales and increased revenues.

Researchers
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers
Kenya Life Panel Survey: Long-Run Outcomes of Childhood Interventions in Kenya

This follow-up study to related projects evaluates the long-term impacts of educational gains associated with deworming on later education, labor market, and health outcomes.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer, Joan Hamory Hicks et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Child Health); Education & Labor (Gender; Primary & Secondary Education)
Performance-Based Pay for Health Care Providers and the Effect on Maternal and Child Health in Rwanda

A pay-for-performance health program had the strongest positive effect on services for which the provider received large financial incentives and those for which the provider had greater control.

Researchers
Paul Gertler, Paulin Basinga, Agnes Binagwaho et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Rwanda (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Child Health); Education & Labor (Employment)
Primary School Deworming: The Impact of Cost-Sharing on Program Effectiveness in Kenya

User cost-sharing significantly reduced rates of intestinal worm treatment in Kenya while health education had no impact on worm prevention behavior.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
(Nutrition); Health (Child Health); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education); Finance & Cash Transfers
Public Release of Corruption Audits and Electoral Outcomes in Brazil

Public release of corruption violations, committed by Brazilian politicians, prior to municipal elections reduced the likelihood of incumbent re-election by approximately 20 percent.

Researchers
Frederico Finan, Claudio Ferraz
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Brazil (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Public Service (Corruption)
Returns to Fertilizer Use for Smallholder Farmers in Kenya

This study found significant increases in crop yield as a result of fertilizer use, but when not applied in the correct amount can result in negative rates of return for smallholder farmers.

Researchers
Jonathan Robinson, Esther Duflo, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs)
Savings and Subsidies for Productive Fertilizer Use in Kenya

Visiting Kenyan farmers immediately after the harvest and offering them time-limited discounts to buy fertilizer resulted in a substantial increase in fertilizer use the following season.

Researchers
Jonathan Robinson, Esther Duflo, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs); Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services)
Small Individual Loans and Mental Health in South Africa

Approving loans for marginally creditworthy applicants can improve economic outcomes for poor households and generate profits for lenders in South Africa.

Researchers
Lia Fernald, Emily Ozer, Rita Hamad et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
South Africa (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Health (Mental Health)
Social Networks and Agricultural Technology Adoption in Malawi

Researchers are evaluating the use of social networks as a way to efficiently deliver information about and increase adoption of profitable agricultural technologies in Malawi.

Researchers
Jeremy Magruder, Lori Beaman, Mushfiq Mobarak et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Malawi (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture; Technology & Infrastructure
Social Networks and Job Referrals in India

Without proper enticement, social networks refer less qualified workers. In India, high ability individuals referred high ability people when their own pay was indexed to the referral's performance.

Researchers
Jeremy Magruder, Lori Beaman
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Employment)
Solar Ovens and the Impact on Solid Fuel Use, Health, and the Environment in Senegal

This project is evaluating the potential for using sustainable, fuel-efficient solar ovens as an alternative to using solid fuels as a means of improving health and the environment.

Researchers
David I. Levine, Theresa Beltramo, J. George Shanthikumar
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Senegal (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Climate & Environment (Pollution Control; Natural Resource Management); Health; Technology & Infrastructure
Subsidies and Savings Accounts to Promote Fertilizer Use in Mozambique

This project evaluates whether a fertilizer subsidy program for smallholder farmers, in combination with a savings product, can engender sustainable use of fertilizer once subsidies are phased out.

Researchers
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mozambique (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs); Finance & Cash Transfers (Subsidies); Technology & Infrastructure
Term Length and the Effort of Politicians

Researchers explore the effect of office term length on political effort and find that politicians with longer terms tend to exert more effort during their time in office than those with shorter term.

Researchers
Ernesto Dal Bo, Martin Rossi
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Argentina (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Employment); Public Service
The Efficiency of Risk-Sharing Within Households in Kenya

This study found that when receiving external income shocks, husbands and wives exhibited different behavior, suggesting barriers to efficient risk sharing and mutual insurance within a household.

Researchers
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services)
The Health and Economic Impact of a Government Health Insurance Program in Cambodia

Researchers are evaluating the health and economic effects of individuals who participate in a Cambodian government health insurance program.

Researchers
David I. Levine, Rachel Polimeni, Raj Arunachalam
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Cambodia (Southeast Asia)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Health
The Influence of Radios on Political Knowledge, Civic Participation, and Social Attitudes in Sierra Leone

Researchers are evaluating whether distribution of radios in rural Sierra Leone can increase political knowledge and participation at local village meetings, and shift social attitudes.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Rachel Glennerster
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Sierra Leone (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Public Service (Conflict; Civic Engagement); Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)
The Price Effects of Cash Versus In-Kind Transfers in Mexico

This study found evidence that in-kind transfers caused local prices of goods to fall compared with no price change for cash transfers, yielding an extra indirect transfer to consumers of 11 percent.

Researchers
Jesse Cunha, Giacomo deGiorgi (Barcelona GSE, formerly Stanford) et al.
Methodologies
- Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers; In-Kind Transfers)
The Privatization of Water and its Impact on Child Mortality in Argentina

This project evaluates the effect of water privatization in the 1990s in Argentina on child health.

Researchers
Paul Gertler, Sebastian Galiani, Ernesto Schargrodsky
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, Difference-in-Differences
Locations
Argentina (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (WASH; Child Health); Technology & Infrastructure (Water & Sanitation)
User Preferences for Point-of-Use Water Treatment in Kenya

An evaluation of water treatment technologies found that end-user preferences did not align with the technology with the highest absolute effectiveness.

Researchers
David I. Levine, Jeff Albert
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (WASH); Technology & Infrastructure (Water & Sanitation)
Vote Buying and Reciprocity

Researchers show that preference for reciprocity enables the practice of vote-buying to persist even in the presence of secret ballots.

Researchers
Frederico Finan, Laura Schechter
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, - Multivariate Regression
Locations
Paraguay (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Public Service
Can Hearts and Minds Be Bought? Public Service Spending and Insurgent Violence in Iraq

Local reconstruction spending during the war in Iraq was associated with reduced insurgent violence. Small projects implemented by the military were more effective than large projects.

Researchers
Eli Berman, Jacob Shapiro, Joseph Felter
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Iraq (Middle East and North Africa)
Development Topics
Public Service (Conflict)
Consumer Price Subsidies and Nutrition in China

Subsidies for staple foods for rural households in China resulted in a dietary shift away from cheaper staples and no improvement in caloric intake or nutritional outcomes.

Researchers
Robert Jensen, Nolan Miller
Methodologies
- Randomized Evaluation
Locations
China (East Asia and the Pacific)
Development Topics
Health; Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers; Subsidies)
Contract Teachers and Student Performance in Kenya

Hiring additional contract teachers helped reduce classroom overcrowding in Kenya and improve student learning outcomes.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Esther Duflo, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Preschool Deworming: Impacts on Child Health and Education in India

Provision of school-based deworming and iron supplements to pre-school children in India improved school attendance and health outcomes.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Gustavo J. Bobonis, Charu Puri Sharma
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
(Nutrition); Health (Child Health); Education & Labor (Early Childhood Development)
Primary School Deworming: Impacts on Child Health and Education in Kenya

School-based deworming in Kenya reduced rates of severe anemia, increased heights substantially, reduced school absenteeism by one quarter, and benefited untreated children in the community through "s

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Child Health); Education & Labor (Early Childhood Development; Primary & Secondary Education)
PROGRESA/Oportunidades: Family Networks and Educational Outcomes in Mexico

Households eligible for the PROGRESA cash transfer program and living in the same village as their extended family are more likely to enroll their children in secondary school.

Researchers
Manuela Angelucci, Giacomo deGiorgi (Barcelona GSE, formerly Stanford) et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Mexico (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Protecting Spring Water from Contamination in Kenya: Impacts on Health and Behavior

Improvements in water infrastructure at the source in Kenya reduced the level of contaminants and decreased diarrheal incidence among children under age three by 25 percent.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer, Jessica Leino et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Maternal & Infant Health; WASH; Child Health); Technology & Infrastructure (Water & Sanitation)
Time-Limited Discounts and Cooperatives for Productive Fertilizer Use in Kenya

Researchers are testing whether time-limited discounts and farmer cooperatives can increase knowledge and use of fertilizer among subsistence farmers in Kenya.

Researchers
Jonathan Robinson, Esther Duflo, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs); Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services)