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Projects

Girls' Merit Scholarships and Student Performance in Kenya

An evaluation of a merit-based scholarship and public recognition program for Kenyan girls found evidence of increased test scores, student and teacher attendance, and parental involvement.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer, Rebecca Thornton
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Public Service (Civic Engagement); Education & Labor (Gender; Primary & Secondary Education)
HIV Prevention Among Youth in Kenya

Researchers are evaluating the effect of Voluntary Counseling and Testing for HIV (VCT), and condom distribution on sexual behavior and HIV transmission.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Esther Duflo, Vandana Sharma
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases; Child Health)
Household Water Connections: Well-Being and Willingness to Pay in Morocco

In Tangier, Morocco, households demonstrated a high willingness to pay for private water taps. These households reported increased water consumption, less time gathering water, and improved happiness.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Florencia Devoto, Esther Duflo et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Morocco (Middle East and North Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers; Health (WASH); Technology & Infrastructure (Water & Sanitation)
Improving Access to Credit and Savings Products in Guatemala

Researchers are evaluating the impact of a credit bureau on the selection and behavior of microfinance clientele, and the impact of providing savings products to microfinance clients.

Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Guatemala (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services)
Insufficient Change and Lost Sales among Small Businesses in Kenya

Administering surveys to and providing information for small Kenyan business about their small bill and coin management resulted in fewer lost sales and increased revenues.

Researchers
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers
Kenya Life Panel Survey: Long-Run Outcomes of Childhood Interventions in Kenya

This follow-up study to related projects evaluates the long-term impacts of educational gains associated with deworming on later education, labor market, and health outcomes.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer, Joan Hamory Hicks et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Child Health); Education & Labor (Gender; Primary & Secondary Education)
Performance-Based Pay for Health Care Providers and the Effect on Maternal and Child Health in Rwanda

A pay-for-performance health program had the strongest positive effect on services for which the provider received large financial incentives and those for which the provider had greater control.

Researchers
Paul Gertler, Paulin Basinga, Agnes Binagwaho et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Rwanda (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Child Health); Education & Labor (Employment)
Primary School Deworming: The Impact of Cost-Sharing on Program Effectiveness in Kenya

User cost-sharing significantly reduced rates of intestinal worm treatment in Kenya while health education had no impact on worm prevention behavior.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
(Nutrition); Health (Child Health); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education); Finance & Cash Transfers
Public Release of Corruption Audits and Electoral Outcomes in Brazil

Public release of corruption violations, committed by Brazilian politicians, prior to municipal elections reduced the likelihood of incumbent re-election by approximately 20 percent.

Researchers
Frederico Finan, Claudio Ferraz
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Brazil (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Public Service (Corruption)
Returns to Fertilizer Use for Smallholder Farmers in Kenya

This study found significant increases in crop yield as a result of fertilizer use, but when not applied in the correct amount can result in negative rates of return for smallholder farmers.

Researchers
Jonathan Robinson, Esther Duflo, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs)
Savings and Subsidies for Productive Fertilizer Use in Kenya

Visiting Kenyan farmers immediately after the harvest and offering them time-limited discounts to buy fertilizer resulted in a substantial increase in fertilizer use the following season.

Researchers
Jonathan Robinson, Esther Duflo, Michael Kremer
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Agriculture (Inputs); Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services)
Small Individual Loans and Mental Health in South Africa

Approving loans for marginally creditworthy applicants can improve economic outcomes for poor households and generate profits for lenders in South Africa.

Researchers
Lia Fernald, Emily Ozer, Rita Hamad et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
South Africa (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Health (Mental Health)