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Projects

Sex-Selective Investments in Prenatal Care in India, China, and Bangladesh

This study found that in India, China, and Bangladesh, women were more likely to obtain additional prenatal care when pregnant with a boy. Women unaware of the child's sex did not acquire extra care.

Researchers
Prashant Bharadwaj, Leah Nelson
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
India, Bangladesh (South Asia); China (East Asia and the Pacific)
Development Topics
Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Reproductive Health & Family Planning); Education & Labor (Early Childhood Development)
Solar Drinking Water Disinfection (SODIS) and Childhood Diarrhea in Bolivia

This study found no reduction in the incidence of child diarrhea as a result of solar water disinfection, likely due to low compliance and the presence of additional pathways for pathogen transmission

Researchers
Jack Colford, Daniel Mäusezahl, Andri Christen et al.
Methodologies
- Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Bolivia (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (WASH; Child Health); Technology & Infrastructure (Water & Sanitation)
Subsidies for Malaria Testing and Treatment in Kenya: Balancing Health Benefits and Risks

Subsidies for anti-malarial drugs increased access to treatment for low-income and sick children but led to over-treatment among adults. Proper calibration of the subsidy level improved targeting.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Jessica Cohen, Simone Schaner
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Subsidies); Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Infectious & Communicable Diseases)
African Leadership Academy: Impacts on Young Leaders and Their Communities

To evaluate the impact of the African Leadership Academy, this project compares educational attainment, labor market outcomes, and attitudes of admitted students with admissions finalists.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Jamie McCasland, Manuel Barron
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
South Africa (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Employment; Youth & Vocational Training)
Alternative Secondary Education in Honduras

Researchers are evaluating a low-cost, peer-led vocational training program for rural youth in Central America.

Researchers
Erin Murphy-Graham, Patrick McEwan
Locations
Honduras (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Conditional Cash Transfers for Education in Morocco

Researchers are evaluating whether conditional or unconditional cash transfers are more effective in increasing primary level student attendance and reducing drop-out rates.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Esther Duflo, Florencia Devoto
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Morocco (Middle East and North Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Constraints to Saving for Health Expenditures in Kenya

Innovative savings devices for members of ROSCAs in Kenya led to increased investment in preventative health products and reduced vulnerability to unexpected emergencies.

Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Financial Services); Health
Contract Teachers and Student Tracking: Impacts on Student Performance in India

In India, an extra contract teacher led to improved test scores for children, smaller class sizes, and reduced teacher absenteeism, all suggesting positive performance incentives for contract teachers

Researchers
Karthik Muralidharan, Venkatesh Sundararaman
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Economic Independence and HIV Prevention among Adolescent Girls in Zimbabwe

Researchers are evaluating a program that seeks to increase the economic independence of and prevent HIV among female adolescent orphans in Zimbabwe.

Researchers
Nancy Padian, Megan Dunbar
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Zimbabwe (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases; Child Health); Education & Labor (Gender; Youth & Vocational Training)
Economic Returns to Vocational Education in Kenya

Researchers are evaluating the labor market and life outcomes of Kenyan youth who received vouchers to offsets the cost of vocational training.

Researchers
Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer, Isaac Mbiti et al.
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Subsidies); Health; Education & Labor (Youth & Vocational Training)
Factors Influencing Household Investment in Malaria Prevention in Kenya

Demand for insecticide-treated bed nets was highly price sensitive in Kenya. Neither marketing the nets as a health or financial investment nor securing verbal purchase commitments impacted demand.

Researchers
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Subsidies); Health (Infectious & Communicable Diseases; Child Health)
Free Distribution Versus Cost Sharing for Malaria Prevention in Kenya

This study found that cost-sharing dampens demand for anti-malarial insecticide-treated bed nets and does not increase usage of the nets or improves allocation to the neediest.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Jessica Cohen
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers; Health (Infectious & Communicable Diseases); Technology & Infrastructure