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Projects

Job Opportunities, Marriage, and Childbearing in India

Increased job opportunities for women in rural India caused households to invest more in women's education, increased rates of female employment, and significant delays in marriage and childbearing.

Researchers
Robert Jensen
Methodologies
Experimental Methods
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning); Education & Labor (Employment)
Schooling's Impact on Teen Smoking and Drinking Behavior in the Dominican Republic

Youth who stayed in school longer had less disposable income than youth who dropped out, were less likely to smoke, and also delayed the age they first consumed alcohol.

Researchers
Robert Jensen, Adriana Lleras-Muney
Methodologies
Experimental Methods, - Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Dominican Republic (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (Child Health); Education & Labor (Primary & Secondary Education)
Household Water Treatment and Handwashing in Guatemala

This study in rural Guatemala found minimal sustained water treatment and positive handwashing behavior and no significant difference in child health between intervention and comparison villages.

Researchers
Jack Colford, Benjamin Arnold, Byron Arana et al.
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, Statistical Matching
Locations
Guatemala (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (Maternal & Infant Health; WASH; Child Health)
Adult Antiretroviral Treatment and Children's Welfare in Kenya

Antiretroviral treatment for patients with AIDS positively affected schooling and nutrition outcomes for children living in the household, and reduced their labor market participation.

Researchers
Josh Graff Zivin, Harsha Thirumurthy, Markus Goldstein
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods, - Instrumental Variables
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Infectious & Communicable Diseases); Education & Labor
Low-Power Cell Towers in Indonesia

This project evaluates the efficacy of Village Base Transceiver Stations (VBTS), cellular towers designed to lower operational costs, enabling cellular systems to reach low-density rural areas.

Researchers
Locations
Indonesia (Southeast Asia)
Development Topics
Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology)
Rural Solar Microgrids in India

In this study, researchers implement a randomized evaluation of an AC solar microgrid scaled for rural communities in India.

Methodologies
- Randomized Evaluation
Locations
India (South Asia)
Development Topics
Technology & Infrastructure (Information & Communications Technology); Climate & Environment (Energy)
The Economic Impact of Antiretroviral Treatment on Labor Supply in Kenya

This project evaluates the effect of antiretroviral treatment on the labor supply of people living with HIV and of other members in their household.

Researchers
Josh Graff Zivin, Harsha Thirumurthy, Markus Goldstein
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Infectious & Communicable Diseases); Education & Labor (Employment)
Conditional Cash Transfers for the Prevention of HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections in Tanzania

A cash transfer program conditional on testing for sexually transmitted diseases reduced prevalence of infections, suggeting the potential use of cash transfers to alter sexual behavior.

Researchers
William Dow, Edward Miguel, Damien de Walque et al.
Methodologies
- Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Tanzania (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Health (Reproductive Health & Family Planning; Infectious & Communicable Diseases); Finance & Cash Transfers (Cash Transfers)
Insurgency and Unemployment in Afghanistan, Iraq, and the Philippines

In Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Philippines, increases in employment were associated with increased violence, suggesting short-term job creation policies may not effectively reduce insurgent activity.

Researchers
Eli Berman, Joseph H. Felter, and Jacob N. Shapiro
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
Philippines (Southeast Asia); Iraq (Middle East and North Africa); Afghanistan (South Asia)
Development Topics
Public Service (Conflict); Education & Labor (Employment)
Sex-Selective Investments in Prenatal Care in India, China, and Bangladesh

This study found that in India, China, and Bangladesh, women were more likely to obtain additional prenatal care when pregnant with a boy. Women unaware of the child's sex did not acquire extra care.

Researchers
Prashant Bharadwaj, Leah Nelson
Methodologies
Non-Experimental Methods
Locations
India, Bangladesh (South Asia); China (East Asia and the Pacific)
Development Topics
Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Reproductive Health & Family Planning); Education & Labor (Early Childhood Development)
Solar Drinking Water Disinfection (SODIS) and Childhood Diarrhea in Bolivia

This study found no reduction in the incidence of child diarrhea as a result of solar water disinfection, likely due to low compliance and the presence of additional pathways for pathogen transmission

Researchers
Jack Colford, Daniel Mäusezahl, Andri Christen et al.
Methodologies
- Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Bolivia (Latin America and the Caribbean)
Development Topics
Health (WASH; Child Health); Technology & Infrastructure (Water & Sanitation)
Subsidies for Malaria Testing and Treatment in Kenya: Balancing Health Benefits and Risks

Subsidies for anti-malarial drugs increased access to treatment for low-income and sick children but led to over-treatment among adults. Proper calibration of the subsidy level improved targeting.

Researchers
Pascaline Dupas, Jessica Cohen, Simone Schaner
Methodologies
Randomized Evaluation
Locations
Kenya (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Development Topics
Finance & Cash Transfers (Subsidies); Health (Maternal & Infant Health; Infectious & Communicable Diseases)